Instructions for Authors

Instruction for Authors
Prudence Journals accepts manuscripts that meet our criteria of relevancy and scientific excellence. We welcome electronic submission of research papers and articles so long as the text, tables, and figures are included in a single pdf file. Authors are expected to include their personal information and should include the author’s full address and telephone/fax numbers . Note that Prudence Journals  will only accept manuscripts submitted as e-mail attachments. Please visit our call for papers page for submission details.

Article Types
Three types of manuscripts may be submitted:

Regular articles: These articles describe current original research findings with detail experimental procedures for others to verify. The length of a full paper should be the minimum required to describe and interpret the work clearly.

Short Communications: Short Communications are short research articles intended to present exciting findings that will have a major impact in the field of study. A Short Communication is not more than 5 printed pages in length. Authors should submit a suitable manuscript with unique research methods, records, models and pioneering results. Short Communications are limited to a maximum of two figures and one table. (1) Abstracts are limited to 100 words; (2) instead of a separate Materials and Methods section, experimental procedures may be incorporated into Figure Legends and Table footnotes; (3) Results and Discussion should be combined into a single section.

Reviews: Submissions of reviews and perspectives covering topics of current interest are welcome and encouraged. Reviews should be concise and no longer than 4 to 6 printed pages (about 12 to 18 manuscript pages). Reviews manuscripts are also peer-reviewed.

Review Process
All manuscripts are reviewed by an editor and members of the Editorial Board or qualified outside reviewers. Authors cannot nominate reviewers. Only reviewers randomly selected from our database with specialization in the subject area will be contacted to evaluate the manuscripts. The process will be blind review. Decisions will be made as rapidly as possible, and the journal strives to return reviewers’ comments to authors as soon as possible. The editorial board will re-review manuscripts that are accepted pending revision. It is the goal of Prudence Journals to publish manuscripts shortly after submission.

Regular articles
All portions of the manuscript must be typed double-spaced and all pages numbered starting from the title page. The Title should be a brief phrase describing the contents of the paper. The Title Page should include the authors’ full names and affiliations, the name of the corresponding author along with phone, fax and E-mail information. Present addresses of authors should appear as a footnote.

The Abstract should be informative and completely self-explanatory, the topic should be briefly described, the scope of the experiments should be communicated, point out significant data, and show major findings and conclusions. The Abstract should not be more than be 200 words in length. Complete sentences, active verbs, and the third person should be used, and the abstract should be written in the past tense. Standard nomenclature should be used and abbreviations should be avoided. No literature should be cited.

Following the abstract, about 4 to 10 key words that will provide indexing references should be listed.


A list of non-standard Abbreviations should be added. In general, non-standard abbreviations should be used only when the full term is very long and used often. Each abbreviation should be spelled out and introduced in parentheses the first time it is used in the text. Only recommended SI units should be used. Authors should use the solidus presentation (mg/ml). Standard abbreviations (such as ATP and DNA) need not be defined.


The Introduction should state clearly statement of the problem, the relevant literature on the subject, and the proposed approach or solution. It should be general enough to attract the reader’s attention from a broad range of scientific disciplines.

Materials and methods

Materials and methods should be complete enough to allow experiments to be reproduced. Detailed descriptions of materials or participants, comparisons, interventions and types of analysis should be mentioned. However, only truly new procedures should be described in detail; previously published procedures should be cited, and important modifications of published procedures should be mentioned briefly. Capitalize trade names and include the manufacturer’s name and address. Subheadings should be used. Methods in general use need not be described in detail.

Results should be presented with clarity and precision. The results should be written in the past tense when describing findings in the authors’ experiments. Earlier published findings should be written in the present tense. Results should be explained, but largely without referring to the literature. Discussion, speculation and detailed interpretation of data should not be included in the Results but should be put into the Discussion section.


The Discussion should interpret the findings in view of the results obtained in this and in past studies on this topic. State the conclusions in a few sentences at the end of the paper. The Results and Discussion sections can include subheadings, and when appropriate, both sections can be combined.


The major findings should be highlighted in this section. Its content should not substantially duplicate the abstract. Recommendation might be given.


The Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc should be brief.

Tables and Figures

Tables should be kept to a minimum and be designed to be as simple as possible. Tables are to be typed double-spaced throughout, including headings and footnotes. Each table should be on a separate page, numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and supplied with a heading and a legend. Tables should be self-explanatory without reference to the text. The details of the methods used in the experiments should preferably be described in the legend instead of in the text. The same data should not be presented in both table and graph form or repeated in the text.

Figure legends should be typed in numerical order on a separate sheet. Graphics should be prepared using applications capable of generating high resolution GIF, TIFF, JPEG or Powerpoint before pasting in the Microsoft Word manuscript file. Tables should be prepared in Microsoft Word. Use Arabic numerals to designate figures and upper case letters for their parts (Figure 1 and Table 1). Begin each legend with a title and include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reading the text of the manuscript. Information given in legends should not be repeated in the text. Tables and Figures should be numbered consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. X- and Y- axes of figures should be labeled. All tables and figures should be clearly explained and cited in the text.


It is used to provide readers with numerical examples or give extensive detail of analytical procedure. Equations and Symbols:

Special characters (e.g, Greek and symbols) should be inserted using the symbols palette available in MS-Word. Complex equations should be entered using Math -Type or an equation editor. Number consecutively any equations that have to be displayed separately from the text.

Scientific names:

Give the scientific names (with authority) for plants, animals, microorganisms, with generic names in full at the first mention, e.g. Escherichia coli. Thereafter, abbreviate them in the text, e.g. E coli; give them in full (without authority) in the headings of sections, tables, figures and key words. Where appropriate, cultivars should be specified and should be in italics.


All manuscripts will undergo some editorial modification, so it is important to check proofs carefully. PDF page proofs will be sent via e-mail to the corresponding author for checking. To avoid delays in publication, proofs should be checked and returned within 48 hours. Corrections should be returned by annotated PDF or e-mail. Extensive changes to the text may be charged to the author. Authors can freely download the PDF file from which they can print unlimited copies of their articles.


Only published or accepted manuscripts should be included in the reference list.